Monitoring electricity usage at the meter

Updated on .

I’d like to know how much energy I’m using because I want to ensure that the baseline load for my activities is reasonable. It’s difficult to correlate the usage when there’s a significant delay in it showing up on PG&E’s website. I haven’t found a great solution, but I’ll probably end up using the Rainforest Automation EMU-2 connected to a Raspberry Pi to send realtime data to a dashboard system like Grafana.

Wireless

PG&E’s electricity meters can use Zigbee to stream data for its customers, but there are just a few certified “HAN” products that are compatible:

DIY

A MAC address is required to activate the Zigbee radio in the meter, and it probably only communicates with that specific device. It makes sense as a security feature, if MACs cannot be spoofed. The ecosystem around the Smart Energy Protocol in Zigbee seems locked down tight, with “production” certificates required to communicate.

Discontinued

Pulse counting

Some meters emit pulses as energy is used. The Raspberry Pi-based emonPi monitor can sense these pulses to measure energy.

OCR

There are a few projects that use OCR to read the visual indicators of meters. The AI-on-the-edge-device (via Hackaday) looks the most promising. There’s also a water meter-focused approach at Integrating my Neptune Water Meter with HomeAssistant (via Hackaday).